Europe is a continent of many neighbouring nations and even more languages. Some nations are within the European Union, some aspire to be and some have chosen not to be (and one, in particular, is currently considering withdrawing from the Union). Some use the Euro as their common country, some aspire to using the Euro, while other have chosen not to. This all leads to a very rich patchwork quilt of cultures.
For Amateur Radio this means that each country has it’s own representative associations which liaise and negotiate with their own governments. But, in general, all countries operate to Amateur Radio licencing schemes which are very similar and which permit licenced Amateurs from other countries to cross borders and operate throughout the continent subject to correct geographical identification and adherence to local licencing conditions.
Where Europe ends is a little bit fluid. A country such as Russia is partly in Europe and partly in Asia. And when we look at the European Broadcasting Union, some member countries are technically outwith Europe. The list below may therefore contain countries which are on the periphery of Europe.
NOTE – The United Kingdom is an internal union of several countries. Most are represented by the RSGB but Gibraltar has it’s own representation in the International Amateur Radio Union (IARU). Some Radio Amateurs in Northern Ireland may also consider themselves to be represented by the Irish Radio Transmitters Society.